ChildhoodThe son of outstanding Silver Age poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilev Lev was born in Tsarskoe Selo, near St Petersburg. Lev Gumilev, Ethnogenesis and Eurasianism. ALEXANDER SERGEEVICH TITOV. University College London. School of Slavonic and Eastern European. Putin’s passing mention of the late Russian historian Lev Gumilev and this odd word passionarnost meant little to the uninitiated; but to those.
|Published (Last):||11 October 2012|
|PDF File Size:||13.4 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||1.58 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Gumilev used to joke that he came up with his theories on ethnos, or ethnic groups, while lying on his bunk in the camps with other inmates above him playing cards; thus, he pointed out, prison was a positive lesson for him. Under Artamonov’s guidance, he became interested in Khazar studies and in steppe peoples in general.
In his view, this state can exist only by the exploitation of foreign resources of intellect, biology and energy. Personal Finance Show more Personal Finance links. Each was a heavy weight for the other to bear. Inwhile digging the White Sea Canal and daily watching inmates die of exhaustion and hypothermia, Gumilev invented his theory of passionarnost.
In life, Gumilev had been a complex figure, resisting all facile ideological pigeon-holing.
It was a type of Stockholm syndrome that tumilev some singularly odd scholarship. Suddenly, it occurred to me that something had pushed him, something inside himself. According to this view, Jews share a specific way of thinkingand this is associated with the moral norms of Judaism. Two years later, he defended his doctor’s thesis on ancient Turks. Ideas that might, just a few years previously, have been considered marginal or even barking mad were suddenly the anchor of his most important speech of the year.
It destroyed his political career lwv sent him to jail. In ss he participated in several expeditions to the Volga Delta and North Caucasus.
Akhmatova knew that any transgressions by her would rebound on her son, and so his very existence shackled her artistic freedom: His views were met with a great deal of skepticism in the USSR. Their relations remained strained, as Lev blamed his mother for the misfortunes that had dogged his youth. He proposed an archeological site for Samandar as well as the theory of the Caspian transgression in collaboration with geologist Alexander Alyoksin as one of the reasons for Khazar decline. Instead, they wrote, it owed its heritage more to the fierce nomads and steppe tribes of Eurasia.
The emergence of social order from chaos that Gumilev witnessed made a profound impression on him, and formed a core part of the theory of history that would make him famous.
The composition of such a group depends on the internal sympathy of its members for each other. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.
She described her feelings about the arrest of Lev and the period of political repressions in Requiem published in While his colleagues guilev against him, Gumilev received support from a surprising corner: In particular, and with virtually lwv support from primary sources, he asserted that the Radhanites had been instrumental in the exploitation of East Slavic people and had exerted undue influence on the sociopolitical and economic landscape of the early Middle Ages.
From the s he worked in the Geography Institute, where he would defend another doctoral thesis, this time in geography. In Kazanfor example, a monument to him was opened in August For 17 months his mother waited in queues and wrote letters to police officials beseeching them to tell her the fate of her son.
On December 31,the first President of Russia Boris Yeltsin in his traditional New Year address to the country sensationally announced his resignation, three months before the official presidential election scheduled for March of Young Lev Gumilev in He would eventually rise to become chairman of the central committee and then chairman of the Supreme Soviet.
It originally referred to the plain extending to the East and West of the Ural mountains. But he was a complex man.
Lev Gumilev – New World Encyclopedia
Drawing inspiration from the works of Konstantin Leontyev and Nikolay DanilevskyGumilyov regarded Russians as a “super-ethnos” which is kindred to Turkic-Mongol peoples of the Eurasian steppe. He even assigned it a symbol as a mathematical variable: Opinion Show more Opinion links.
But inhe was arrested yet again, having been accused in involvement in anti-Soviet group. He adored his mother. At the same time, major differences have been noted between Gumilev’s work and those of the original Eurasianists.
As an indication gumildv his popularity, the Kazakh president Nursultan Nazarbayev ordered the L. Relations between Lev and his mother became strained, as he blamed her for not helping him enough. Georgian, Kyrgyz and Azeri nationalists have all claimed his gumi,ev.
Leg your FT trial. Search the FT Search. But for Gumilev it was his acquaintance with Mandelstam that was to prove the most fateful.
Gumilev attempted to explain the waves of nomadic migration that rocked the great steppe of Eurasia for centuries by geographical factors, such as annual vacillations in solar radiation, which determine the area of grasslands that could be used for grazing livestock. Under Artamonov’s guidance, he became interested in Khazar studies and steppe peoples in general.
This is a huge territory.