This test specifies a method for the determination of degree of acidity of gases evolved during combustion of the cable specimen by measuring its pH and. INTERNATIONALE IEC INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Deuxième édition. Second edition Essai sur les gaz émis lors de la combustion. Find IEC 1 related suppliers, manufacturers, products and specifications on GlobalSpec – a trusted source of IEC 1 information.
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The standard does not require an implementation to support extended or extendable precision formats. For the decimal formats, any representation is valid, and the set of these representations is called oec cohort.
For numbers with an exponent in the normal range the exponent field being not all ones or all zerosthe leading bit of the significand will always be 1.
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The standard defines five basic formats that are named for their numeric base and the number of bits used in their interchange encoding. Articles with inconsistent citation formats Commons category link is on Wikidata Use dmy dates from January In other projects Wikimedia Commons. An extendable precision 754–1 allows the user to specify the precision and exponent range.
The x87 bit extended format meets this requirement. Retrieved March 28, Algorithms, with code, for correctly rounded conversion from binary to decimal and decimal to binary are discussed in  and for testing in.
Retrieved 4 April For decimal floating point, there are additional exceptions along with the above: Such a figure oec be used to select an appropriate format given the expected value of a number and the required precision.
These are the same five exceptions as were defined in IEEEbut the division by zero exception has been extended to operations other than the division. The leading bit 754-11 cannot be used for the subnormal numbers as 7541- have an exponent outside the normal exponent range and scale by the smallest represented exponent as used for the smallest normal numbers.
No other exception handling is required, but additional non-default alternatives are recommended see below.
Archived from the original on C Tips from the New School. The following table summarizes the smallest interchange formats including the basic ones.
Recommended arithmetic operations, which must round correctly: P P P P P Interchange is complicated by the fact that some external indicator of the representation in use is required. For an extended format with a 7541- between two basic formats the exponent range must be as great as iecc of the next wider basic format.
Retrieved 11 March The encoding scheme for the decimal interchange formats similarly encodes the sign, exponent, and significand, but two different bit-level representations are defined. This is referred to as “preferredWidth” in the standard, and it should be possible to set this on a per block basis.
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The standard recommends how language standards should specify the semantics 7544-1 sequences of operations, and points out 7554-1 subtleties of literal meanings and optimizations that change the value of a result. The traps and other exception mechanisms remain optional, as they were in IEEE A conforming implementation must fully implement at least one of the basic iev. As of Septemberthe standard is being revised to incorporate clarifications and errata.
The existing and bit formats follow this rule, but the and bit formats have more exponent bits 5 and 8 than this formula would provide 3 and 7, respectively. However, for most operations, such as arithmetic operations, the result value does not depend on the representation of the inputs. An IEEE format is a “set of representations of numerical values and symbols”. By contrast, the previous version of the standard left aspects of the language interface unspecified, which led to inconsistent behavior between compilers, or different optimization levels in a single compiler.
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For the exchange of decimal floating-point numbers, interchange formats of any multiple of 32 bits are defined. Intermediate calculations within expressions should be calculated, and any temporaries saved, using the maximum of the width of the operands and the preferred width, if set.
For NaNs, quiet NaNs and signaling NaNs are distinguished by using the most significant bit of the trailing significand field exclusively the standard recommends 0 for signaling NaNs, 1 for quiet NaNs, so that a signaling NaNs can be quieted by changing only this bit to 1, while the reverse could yield the encoding of an infinityand the payload is carried in the remaining bits. The binary formats in the original standard are included in the new standard along with three new basic formats, one binary and two decimal.
There are three binary floating-point basic formats encoded with 32, 64 or bits and two decimal floating-point basic formats encoded with 64 or bits. The stored value of a variable must always be used when evaluating subsequent expressions, rather than any precursor from before rounding and assigning to the irc. Clause 9 in the standard recommends fifty operations, that language standards should define.
The standard recommends that languages and implementations support an extended format which has a greater precision than the largest basic format supported for each radix b.