Ecarin is a snake venom (Echis carinatus) that directly activates prothrombin to meizothrombin This action is not dependent on phospholipid membranes and . Genus: Echis. Species: carinatus. Common Names Small in length, cylindrical and moderately slender bodied snake with a very short tail. Can grow to a. The saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) is one of the principal causes of snake bites in India. For the Haffkine Institute, these snakes are procured for their venom.
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If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours ecjis days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration.
Renal Damage Recognised complication, usually secondary to coagulopathy. Retrieved 31 July Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 3: The snout is short and rounded, while the eyes are relatively large and the body is moderately slender and cylindrical. Lower lateral body scales are markedly serrated.
Echis carinatus | The Reptile Database
Local Effects Marked local effects; pain, severe swelling, bruising, blistering, necrosis. Accessed 29 September There is a crosslike figure on the top of the head.
The bite wound should not be tampered with in any way. Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on this site. When doing so, they may overbalance and end up moving towards their aggressor an unusual behavior for snakes.
George Nicol, London, 90 pp. Venomous terrestrial snakes of Pakistan. The tail is short and the subcaudals are single. The saw-scaled viper Echis carinatus. Accessed 12 September We therefore do not accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require that all users use information from this site at their own risk.
Antivenom Therapy Antivenom is the key treatment for systemic envenoming. Schlangengiftseren – Probleme ihrer Wirksamkeit, untersucht am Beispiel von Echis carinatus Reptilia: Notes on a gravid Echis carinata. Web pages and scripting Jiri Hosek.
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Almost all patients develop oliguria or anuria within a few hours to as late as 6 days post bite. If the offending snake echs been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification only relevant in areas where there are more than one naturally occurring venomous snake speciesbut be careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom.
PLoS One 13 2: Unterschiede in der Giftwirkung von Sandtasselottern Echis carinatus und Kettenvipern Vipera russelii Salamandra 8 Accessed 7 June It is more often the result ecchis intravascular hemolysiswhich occurs in about half of all cases.
This display is thought to have evolved as a means of limiting water loss, such as might occur when hissing. A series of white bows run dorsolaterally. Trustees of the British Museum. The Snake 15 2: Often found hiding carinatu loose rocks. South Indian saw-scaled viper . If disturbed it assumes an S-shaped coil position and xnake the sides of the body together making a rasping sound. Secretary of State for India in Council.
In mice, the intravenous LD 50 ranges from 2.
Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 1: South African Institute of Medical Research. Journal of Threatened Echie 5 The reptile fauna of India. Echis carinatus in MangaonMaharashtraIndia.
WCH Clinical Toxinology Resources
Views Read Edit View history. Accessed 6 January The white stripes on the back are transverse and narrow. Accessed 13 September Toxicoa GrayTuranechis Cherlin. Small Approx 20k version. The head is relatively small and is short, wide, pear-shaped and distinct from the neck. Secretary of State for India.
National Center for Biotechnology Information http: The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. Wikimedia Xarinatus has media related to Echis.
Accessed 5 June The bitten limb must not be exercised as muscular contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom.