Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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Once in a month, water is sprinkled over the compost material to maintain the moisture.
Central Coir Research Institute
One has to proportionally divide and put the required amount of poultry litter over the coir pith. The increase in height retains the temperature generated in the coir pith compost process. Ammonification, nitrification and nitrogen fixation are increased due to improved microbiological activity. In between coconut trees, shade under any tree is good for composting.
The floor of the compost making area should comppsting levelled. The third observation is that composted material emits earthy odour. Benefits of composted coir pith. It improves the water holding capacity more than 5 times its dry weight contributing towards increased soil moisture. The other way of giving aeration is inserting perforated unused PVC or iron pipe in the composting material both vertically and horizontally.
For example if one ton coir pith is divided into 10 portion, in the first layer, kg poultry litter is added. The compost heap should be turned once in 10 days to allow the stale air trapped inside the compost material to go out and fresh air will get in.
The second observation is waste materials are turned foir black in colour and the waste particle size is reduced. It is better to have an elevated place for composting. Coir pith compost heap. Limitation in using composted coir pith 1. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost. It is better to prepare compost in the own farm. Presence of roof over the composting material is advantageous, since it protects the material from rain and severe sunshine.
Composting of coir pith reduces its bulkiness and converts plant nutrients to the available form. Large quantity of coir waste of about 7. The chemical observation for compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory.
Composted coir dust contains all plant nutrient elements and it can provide a compsting effect along with inorganic fertilizers.
ORGANIC FARMING :: Special technologies :: Coir compost
Coir pith composting technology Collection of raw material. Coir pith compost application increased comppsting soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials.
In Tamil Nadu state alone 5 lakh tons of coir dust is available. There is no need for pit or cement tub to make the compost. The addition of composted coir dust improves soil texture, structure and tilth, sandy soil become more compact and clayey soil become more arable.
Coir Pith Compost
Coir pith composting technology. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost 4. A separate compposting should be earmarked for composting.
Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered as a good carbon source for use in agriculture.
Maintaining optimum moisture is the pre-requiste for uniform composting or waste material. If all the above said conditions are maintained in the composting, it will take sixty days 60 days for some of the physical parameters to be observed in the compost. The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir pith. Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber.
It is advisable to make a heap up to minimum of 4 feet height. Over this one portion of coir pith is added and the same input mentioned above should be added. Coir pith is an aerobic pitn.